5 Reasons Why Hitler Lost in World War II

World War 2

On January 30, 1933, Germany began to rise from the slump caused by the first world war with the appointment of Adolf Hitler as German Chancellor, to the end of the Versailles agreement. On September 1, 1939, Germany began its military expansion into Poland, until finally, it expanded to various countries in Europe. Almost all countries in Europe fell into German hands.

Until its peak when in 1942, the German military began to experience a setback of strength, until it ended in defeat.

1. The Defeat of Germany at Stalingrad

Previously Germany had been defeated in the war over Moscow, but that was not a turning point between Germany and the Soviet Union because Germany still had great power to attack another city in the Soviet Union, Stalingrad.

The war in Stalingrad was a turning point in the transition of power between Germany and the Soviet Union, from the beginning the German forces were more dominant then ended with the more dominant Soviet forces, and became the forerunner of the tragic defeat on the German side.

At first, the Germans succeeded in attacking Stalingrad with its flash war strategy known as the Blitzkrieg, as he had done in the Moscow war and the war against France.

So that the Soviet Union forces were repelled, to the heart of the city of Stalingrad.

World War 2

Again, Blitzkrieg has weaknesses, and in addition to its weaknesses having to attack continuously without stopping, another weakness is that the troops in the rear line are not as strong as the front lines.

This would be an opportunity for the Soviet Union. By utilizing the winter, Stalin mobilized reinforcements to attack the Germans guarding the rear lines, then surrounded the German troops who had been on the front lines.

The siege also severed the logistics of German troops so that eventually German troops that had been sent to attack the front lines died because of a lack of logistical needs, such as medicine, ammunition, and food.

Although Hitler had ordered the German air force to send logistical supplies, the planes that were carrying logistical supplies had been shot down by Soviet Union anti-aircraft cannons, as were the aid troops sent by Hitler to help free the besieged troops in Stalingrad, the troops were unable to and finally left his beleaguered friends in Stalingrad.

Another factor for the defeat of Germany was the lack of knowledge about the battlefield and the lack of provisions to welcome the winter.

After the end of this war, Germany began to experience a gradual decline in strength.

2. Wasteful in The Process of Defense Equipment Production

At that time, German technology was believed to be more powerful when compared with the technology of the armed forces of other countries. For example, Tiger Tanks, U-boat submarines, and jet-powered rocket aircraft were examples of German defense equipment that far surpassed the opponent’s military technology.

According to British historian James Holland, the sophistication of German defense equipment requires a higher production cost when compared to the Allied military.

The impact, when World War II lasted a long time, Germany ran out of resources to produce spare parts, maintenance and repair of engines, and the manufacture of additional defense equipment.

3. No Time to Conquer Britain

After defeating France, Hitler thought Britain would be willing to make peace so that Germany could focus more on starting attacking the Soviet Union. But the estimation was wrong. Apparently, Britain did not want to make peace with Germany.

Therefore, on July 16, 1940, Hitler issued a warrant for his expansion to England. However, Germany at that time still did not have proper preparation for expansion into England.

Because the German navy did not have enough ships to expand into England, after suffering losses during the Norwegian campaign, in addition, German forces were more concentrated on “PREPARATION” in attacking the Soviet Union.

But at that time, Germany still had a strong air force that only carried out airstrikes and delayed to carry out ground attacks on Britain. Until finally, the United States joined the allies, and Germany canceled the conquest of England because it was forced to fight the United States.

4. Entering The United States with The Allies

On December 7, 1941, japan attacked pearl harbor so that the United States participated in World War II and joined the allies.

Then on December 11, 1941, Germany officially declared war on the United States, this was due to its agreement with Japan-based on the Tripartite alliance to help Japan fight the United States. On that day, Hitler made an announcement at the Reichstag, Berlin. He said Germany actually wanted to avoid war with the US, but based on the Tripartite Agreement, Germany was obliged to help Italy to support Japan.

Also, Germany hopes that if Germany helps Japan fight against the United States, Japan will also help Germany against the Soviet Union. But the assistance did not come, because Japan itself was too overwhelmed by the United States troops. so finally Germany must face the United States and the Soviet Union simultaneously

5. Lack of Troops

After World War II lasted a long time, Germany increasingly lacked troops to balance the number of Allied troops, plus more after the United States joined the Allied bloc to participate in defeating Germany, this made Germany even worse.

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Therefore, at the end of World War II, because Germany lacked troops, Hitler was forced to force children to join the war against the allies, so that German troops not only lost in terms of numbers alone but in terms of the quality of German troops also lost when compared with the quality Allied forces.

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5 Unsolved Mysteries about World War II

In the course of human history, World War II is arguably not too far back in the past, and various events related to it still continue to amaze us until now.

There are still a number of things that need to be examined in the next few years.

One reason is the existence of a number of mysteries that remain unanswered. There are many questions about the big conflict, but the answers were given instead lead to new questions.

Even if the mysteries are never solved, hopefully, people continue to learn them. World War II is indeed too terrible, but at the same time, too important to ignore.

1. The loss of Blutfahne

Before Adolf Hitler was elected to lead Germany, he tried to overthrow the German government through violence. As a result, in an attempt to violence, as many as 16 of his troops were killed, and Hitler himself was thrown into prison.

After being released, he was given a flag named Die Blutfahne, which means “Flag of Blood.” The flag was reportedly spattered by the blood of his fellow comrades who were killed.

The flag seemed to have a mystical nature and was said to purify every other flag that touched. The flag was also used in several major ceremonies but has not been seen since October 1944.

2. Death of Subhas Chandra Bose

During World War II, Subhas Chandra Bose was the leader of the Indian National Army. According to the Allies, he was a traitor because he had links to the Japanese and Germans.

Officially, Bose was thought to have died in a plane crash in 1945, but some claimed that the ashes found were from a Japanese military officer named Ichiro Okura.

The news was alleged to mislead people who were tracking Bose’s whereabouts. But, the real event that happened to Bose is unknown until now. Some believed that he went to Las Vegas and became a gambler as a new alias. Some people even claimed that he owned a casino there and has influenced the poker game community in USA.

3. British troops at Auschwitz

In 2009, historians were carrying out routine maintenance at the death concentration camp when they later discovered the list of names of British soldiers.

There are check marks on the eight names and writings in German which read “ever since,” “never,” and “now.”

There are many theories about the list of names, for example, that they are prisoners of war. Other opinions say that they are Allied traitors.

4. Ness Gun Battery artists

Ness Gun Battery is a strategic location in Orkney located in the British Isles. There, the soldiers found a large mural on one of the barracks hall walls.

The mural depicts a quiet village in England and has the signature “A.R. Woods.” But, until now, no one knows who that person really is.

5. Hitler’s Globe

One of Charlie Chaplin’s classic comedy works entitled “The Great Dictator” shows a tyrant with a globe that steals the attention.

It turns out, Hitler has a similar object known as the “Columbus Globe.”

Only a few large globes have been made, but what Hitler has lost for years.

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Treasures from World War II, One of Them Used as Currency Until Now

War does not only involve military confrontation. It also involves many things, including conspiracy and the seizure of property. World War II, which incidentally is the darkest conflict in human history, is also inseparable from this kind of thing. It was even said that if during the war, the assets that were contested were fantastic.

Some say if the treasure is still there today. But its existence itself is a mystery. Many say if anyone finds these lost treasures, he will become the richest man in the world. Well, here are the last traces of these assets.

1. Amber room

Amber’s room is said to be in a palace in Russia. It is said if this room is full of luxury objects, ranging from expensive rocks, gold furniture, even to the wallpaper made of paper made from pure gold. The Nazis who had taken control of this palace immediately seized whatever was here and left the beautiful Amber room into an ordinary place.

Well, gold and luxury items in the Amber room itself are said to be transported and stored in Konigsberg Castle in Prussia. Until finally, the Russian army bombarded this place, and the wealth taken from Amber’s room was lost without a trace. But some eyewitnesses also say if the treasures of Amber’s room were transported using a large ship that sailed without its purpose known. This makes many people believe that this treasure still exists today.

2. Alpine fortress

The fort, which is known to belong to the Nazis, is said to have kept many treasures, including gold and gems. The location itself is thought to exist in Bavaria and buried for decades. It is said that the assets in the Alpine Fortress were used to finance critical Nazi military operations.

Uniquely, the clue to the existence of this treasure can be known from an orchestra notation called March Impromtu made by composer Goofried Federline. There are unique notes that are located separately from each other and are said to be clues about this location. If this is true, the Nazis must be recognized as having known how to save wealth. Unfortunately, no one has been able to interpret these notes and managed to find a location.

3. Nazi Gold Carriage

Once very proud, in the end, the Nazis were the ones who suffered defeat in World War II. However, this does not mean that the large organization surrendered all their possessions to the winning parties. There is one object that is probably their biggest inheritance and is now being sought by many people. Yes, this thing is a train car.


Not an ordinary carriage, but complete with a load containing gold which is estimated at 300 tons. If converted in cash the amount is around $ 10 billion today. Know if this thing will be sought after someone someday the Nazis also keep this train car very neatly. The latest news says if the possibility of the treasure is stored somewhere in Poland. The eye only once sees this train itself. That was in 1945 ago.

4. General Yamashita’s Gold

Japan is also the party that suffered defeat in this war. For this reason, they gave up whatever was theirs to the allies. But who would have thought that Japan had taken preventive actions, one of which was to store their gold in hidden places that spread throughout Southeast Asia? It is said that these gold were previously used by General Yamashita to finance Japanese wars for years.

America was once suspected of finding and transporting the gold. Even to the Japanese Emperor, Hirohito asked Uncle Sam’s country to return their gold. The estimated value of this gold reached $ 22 billion. The hiding place itself is thought to exist in the Philippines and other parts of Indonesia. Gold still became one of the universal currency to do everything, one of them is gambling or betting transaction. Although now you can do betting such as sports matches online like in many digital apps and the gold can still be received in the online betting transactions.

5. Awa Maru

Ama Maru is a Japanese-owned cargo ship designed by the International Red Cross. The goal itself is not to fight, but to transport the wounded. Awa Maru itself does transport drugs and medical devices. However, it is also suspected that if the ship is carrying treasure. Besides gold and platinum, there was also a chest full of gems. Not only that, but it is also believed that Awa Maru was transporting Peking Man fossils, where the frame is the missing link of human evolution sought by many scientists today. You could say that one is priceless.

Originally Awa Maru was going to Singapore. Unfortunately, when he wanted to move closer, this ship was torpedoed by an American submarine. Awa Maru sank with all the treasures in it. This treasure also became a struggle for many countries, even China to budget $ 100 million, but they did not find a single gem. It is said that the sinking place is around the waters of Singapore.

It is said that this row of treasures also has its myths. One of them is a hiding place that contains many deadly traps. There is even news that if anyone touches these assets, they will be cursed. Apart from these things, being able to find World War II relics is undoubtedly going to be the richest person in the world.

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The Story of Brave and Loyal Dogs Detained by Japan during World War II

So far, we only know prisoners, especially prisoners of war in the form of humans. There is no story at all dogs, cats, or other pets who have been arrested for committing a crime. Judy is an extraordinary dog. Japanese troops during World War II must have regarded him as a threat and kept him in prison.

Yes, Judy is the only animal registered as a prisoner of war in history. He was arrested for being too loyal to accompany and always defend, Frank William, a British air force soldier who was also a prisoner of war. This dog, considered a hero by the British, was an enemy of the Japanese army.

Become The Mascot of the British Combat Ship

Judy was born in Shanghai, China. There he was trained and crowned the mascot of one of the British Navy’s Navy ships, H.M.S Gnat and H.M.S Grasshopper. It is common for every ship to have one mascot dog.

He was in charge of maintaining the safety of the ship. Judy once saved the ship she was guarding against robbers by giving a signal to the crew of the suspicious gestures and sounds in the dark.

Ship Crew Rescuers

In 1942, Judy sailed aboard the H.M.S Grasshopper which contained weapons to Singapore. Apparently, at that time, Japan had taken control of this small country. They also turned and headed for the Dutch East Indies or Indonesia. The ship was only three kilometers from the port when Japanese aircraft dropped bombs and destroyed ships. The passengers were forced to leave the ship and try to save themselves.

Judy helped them by showing boards that could be held. He also offered his tail to be held by those who could not swim while he sailed the ocean to the nearest land, namely the island of Sumatra.

On the island that they did not know, they were once again tried. The water supply has run out, and there is no river or lake with clean water to drink. One day Judy disappeared all day. One of the ship’s crews, Walter Williams, decided to look for it. Judy found a water source and dug up the surrounding soil to make a small pond. Once again, thanks to Judy, the British army was saved.

Arrested by Japanese Troops

Together, they walked hundreds of kilometers to the nearest town, Padang, hoping to board a ship to return to England. Japan had occupied the city, and there were no British ships left to save them.

Seeing the presence of enemies, Japanese forces practically arrested them and Judy to a holding cell in Medan, North Sumatra. It was there that Judy met a pilot who later became his master, Frank Williams. They become close because Frank shares a plate of rice with the dog.

Always on The Captive Party

The Japanese occupation was no less cruel than the Nazis. They tortured prisoners and did not give food. Judy did not let this happen. If he sees Frank or another prisoner being tortured, he immediately barks and jumps in front of the victim. Consequently, Judy was tortured by Japanese prison wardens.

Two years later, prisoners of war in Medan were transferred to Singapore by SS SS Warwick. Japanese troops who do not like Judy plan to leave it just like that. But not Frank and friends. They want to always be with Judy. Finally, they smuggled Judy in a sack of rice.

Challenge after challenge Judy has passed in her life. Again the ship he was traveling in was attacked. This time by the British army. Surely they did not expect that in the boat there were hundreds of prisoners from their country. At least 500 people have died. Frank and Judy survived the incident. As before, Judy pushed the boards to those who could not swim. He became a hero.

Nearly Executed Dead

Those who survived were transported by other Japanese ships. News about Judy had circulated because they were not happy to see it. Frank had heard that his dog would be shot dead as soon as they landed. In the end, he asked that Japan hold Judy as a prisoner of war.

Surely Frank’s request, a prisoner, would not be heard just like that. Luckily a commander in Medan prison who liked Judy intervened and succeeded in making Judy an official prisoner of war so that the execution was not carried out.

Received an Award from the British Government

Not only humans can get an award after the war, but a large meritorious dog-like Judy was also honored. After the Japanese surrender, the soldiers who were prisoners were released, including Judy. They returned to their homeland happily. There, Judy was welcomed with the Dickin Medal award which was given explicitly to animals that contributed for World War II.

After the war, Judy stayed with Frank Williams and followed her wherever Frank worked. At the time Frank worked in Tanzania, unexpectedly grew a tumor in Judy’s body. He also died on February 17, 1960. Frank made a beautiful grave with a gravestone on it, like a human grave.

From Judy’s story, we can see the courage and loyalty of a dog to humans. Unfortunately, human beings are still difficult to do the same thing. Every time we do something, there are just rewards that we want. Even when we see others grieving, we dare not do anything but sympathize. In contrast to Judy, who was willing to get a whip to bite wounds to save the human he loved.

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7 The Best Aircraft that Aired During World War I

War becomes a field of proof for the countries involved to produce the best weapons. One of the guns that are relied upon is a fighter plane.

During World War I, the development of aircraft was not as sophisticated as it is now. The aircraft is identical to the monoplane or biplane wing and the propeller in front of it.

However, in the early eras, this aircraft could not be underestimated. Therefore, the aircraft can be relied upon by the country of manufacture. Here are nine of the best aircraft during World War I:

1. Sopwith Camel

Sopwith Camel is arguably the most iconic aircraft during the war. Its uniqueness is on the front of the aircraft which has metal fairing to cover the weapons and keep them from freezing at altitude. The metal is the main characteristic of this aircraft. Supported by the Clerget 9B rotary engine, Camel’s design drives its twin Vickers machine guns to shoot and unobstructed propellers.

Besides, Camel is also produced to be able to do close combat, night battle, and can stop in the aircraft carrier. Thanks to its sophistication, this aircraft is still used after the war ended.


British and French troops also needed reliable aircraft in World War I. One of them was the SPAD S.VII fighter aircraft produced by Societe Pour L’Aviation et ses Derives. This aircraft uses the Hispano-Suiza 8A engine and is operated exclusively for one person.

When in the air, the aircraft is capable of flying at speeds of 191 kilometers per hour and is a competitor of aircraft made in Germany. SPAD is also able to attack enemies at a distance of about hundreds of kilometers. In terms of weaponry, this aircraft uses a Vickers 303 machine gun known as the most capable weapon in World War I.

3. Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5

Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5 has differences with other aircraft. In some flight experiments, this aircraft passed the speed limit of up to 482 kilometers per hour. It is not surprising that this bird is often described as “World War I Fire.”

This aircraft uses the Hispano-Suiza 8 engine. In its flight experiments, the pilot driving it died in an air crash. However, after being repaired and providing security to the pilots, S.E.S was recorded to be able to surpass all aircraft in the European sky at that time.

In terms of weaponry, this aircraft uses Vickers machine guns, Lewis guns in the upper wing, and also cooper bombs.

4. Fokker D VII

The Fokker D VII aircraft might have been a bit late in entering the war, namely in January 1918. However, this does not mean that this “iron bird” was not successful in carrying out its mission in the field. Reinhold Platz designed Fokker D VII from Fokker-Flugzeugwerke. The aircraft quickly proved to the world that it was able to fly in the European sky well until the end of the war. Equipped with a Mercedes D.IIIa engine, Fokker’s performance defeated most of the other World War I aircraft. Its maximum speed is 188 kilometers per hour, and it is asked to be faster than similar aircraft.

This German flagship aircraft is capable of flying as high as 6,096 meters and can operate freely in the air. For weaponry, this aircraft is equipped with two 7.92 mm LMG 08/15 Spandau machine guns. No wonder this plane gave fear to Allied forces.

5. Bristol M.1. Monoplane Scout

This aircraft was developed in the Bristol aircraft company by legendary designer Frank Barnwell. Bristol M.1 is one of the unique monoplanes in World War I. This aircraft appeared in the mid-war, namely July 1916. Bristol M.1 uses the construction of the wood, fabric, and reinforced with cables capable of binding aircraft construction. M.1 spent most of the war in the Balkans, where British troops used it well and became a phenomenon due to its distinctive design.

The unique design of Bristol M.1 is increasingly popular as a personal mount for high ranking military officers. The speed of this aircraft reaches 209 kilometers per hour. Only a handful of planes remain to this day.

6. Ansaldo A.1 Balilla

Ansaldo A.1 Balilla aircraft designed in Italy became the country’s national pride. “Balilla” is the name of the hero of the Genoese people, and the aircraft played an important role in the rebellion against Hapsburg in 1746. The need for war and a suitable aircraft caused Ansaldo’s company to design this aircraft with their 6A SPA 6A piston engine capable of producing 220 horsepower.

The aircraft was able to fly with a top speed of 225 kilometers per hour and reach more than 650 kilometers. Weapons using two Vickers machine guns are almost the same as similar aircraft. Balilla also served in Greek and Polish forces and was used by the newly formed Soviet military.

7. Pfalz D.III

Pfalz D.III appeared late in the war, but the delay became more advantage in aircraft development over the following years. Inspired by the Morane-Saulnier monoplane, D.III is an attempt to produce fighter designs from previous versions.

This aircraft uses a six-cylinder Mercedes D.IIIa that was explicitly made to produce 160 horsepower. The aircraft is capable of flying at speeds of more than 160 kilometers per hour. In just seven minutes, the aircraft was able to fly to an altitude of 1,524 meters. Although widely used by the German and Ottoman armed forces, no D.III aircraft survives to this day. However, many replicas have been built for film production.

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8 Most Deadly Weapons Used in World War I

World War I was known as the beginning of a major war because of the use of several deadly weapons. At that time the two warring sides showed their best weapons. Weapons used ranging from heavy weapons, machine guns, to chemical weapons used in this war. The goal is just for the sake of victory. The death toll, which is also a lot of civilians, seems to be ignored. The following are deadly weapons in World War I:

1. U-Boat 93

The U-Boat 93 was one of the deadliest weapons used during World War I. The German Imperial Navy-owned this submarine. Its name comes from Unterseeboot, which means underwater ship. Kaiserliche Marine built type 93. The U-type 93 submarine carries 16 torpedoes and has a weapons arrangement.

In 1917 several submarines were refitted with a 10.5 cm pistol with a force of 220 rounds. These ships have a capacity of accommodating 39 crew members and are equipped with excellent sailing capabilities with a cruising range of around 17,000 km. This submarine sank about 3 percent of Allied arms shipments via sea lane. They also succeeded in damaging and capturing Allied ships during World War I. Because of its success, this type of submarine was finally used in World War II with some more modern weapons modifications.

2. Airships

Airships or air balloons are types of airplanes that are lighter than other types of aircraft. This airship was used before the start of the war, but it was during the war that its debut as an air weapon began. Zeppelin was one of the first airships used in the war. This aircraft was created by Count von Zeppelin, a retired German army officer.

At the beginning of the war, the Germans used Zeppelin filled with hydrogen, capable of traveling about 136 kilometers per hour and carrying 2 tons of bombs. Resistance against the British began in January 1915. The Germans believed that their aircraft were the ideal weapon against the superiority of the British Navy. The Germans used it at first to damage the mentality of British troops.

When the war took place, this airship was able to damage several cities in England. The British then use the floodlights at night to identify these blimps. Also, flammable hydrogen is a weakness of Zeppelin. World War I was not only focused on the development of firearms but also weapons made from chemicals.

3. Tear Gas

Tear gas is not designed to kill but makes enemies unable to defend their position. Tear gas also opens the way for the use of more lethal chemicals such as chlorine. Besides, tear gas can affect the eyes and lungs, and the effect disappears within 30 minutes afterward.

4. Phosgene

Phosgene is a chemical in the next era that was used with chlorine. These chemicals can cause a buildup of fluid in the lungs, causing death. It takes around 48 hours for the main symptoms to appear. It is estimated that as many as 85 percents of the 91,000 deaths caused by gas during wartime are the result of phosphagen. This toxic gas causes more psychological trauma than death. Chlorarsin in war causes short-term, but intense respiratory distress.

These chemicals are designed to paralyze temporarily, so they are used to frighten enemy troops. Although the effect does not cause death, the use of this weapon is very effective. In addition, there is also mustard gas which has a big impact on the skin and lungs. Mustard gas cannot be easily detected unless under direct attack.

During the war, Germany used the first mustard gas in 1917. After finding several attacks using gas, the Allies named it Hot Stuff (HS). When Germany used gas, it turned out that gas masks proved inefficient. This gas can penetrate through the filter mask.

5. Mark V Tank

Mark V Tank is the last and largest tank in World War I owned by Britain. This is a modified version of Mark IV. Around 1,070 tanks were built in March 1919. Mark V has external features embedded in Mark IV, including hulls, rollers, and tracks to avoid interference. However, the new drivetrain and transmission were stronger and were ready during early 1917. This system included a petrol-electric scheme, a hydraulic system, a double-clutch system (one driver needed), and the epicyclic Wilson gearbox design (4 forward gears, one reverse).

This tank uses a new Ricardo 6-cylinder engine and is more powerful. For speed, the Mark V can walk 70 km with a fuel capacity of 450 liters, which is enough for about 10 hours on rough terrain. Mark V made his combat debut at the Battle of Hamel on 4 July 1918 where he succeeded in supporting Australian troops in action.

6. Maxim Rifle

The firearms revolution occurred in the 19th century. At that time, the manufacture of firearms was supported by adequate equipment. In 1884, a lawyer named Hiram Maxim combined all the stuff at that time so that he could make a weapon called the Maxim rifle. This weapon has an air conditioner that can fire more than 500 revolutions per minute at an effective distance of more than 2,000 yards (1,830 meters). This weapon was used in World War I.

During the Battle of the Somme on 1 July 1916 in just one day, the British lost 21,000 people largely due to the use of this rifle. The MG 08 variant was used throughout the war and even during the last years of the Second World War.

7. Fokker

Fokker Triplane is one of the famous planes of the First World War. The construction of this aircraft was the German response to the emergence of the famous British Soplan Triplane. This aircraft was flown by a German mainstay pilot, by Ace Manfred Albrecht Freiherr von Richthofen. The legendary pilot is also known as the Red Baron. At least more than 70 allied pilots were successfully overthrown.

IMG 1 - Fokker

This aircraft has three wings attached to the fuselage with a propeller in front of it. Powered by a 110 hp engine, the Fokker Triplane is armed with two 0.31-inch LMG 08/15 weapons.

8. Big Bertha

Big Bertha during its construction was the largest and most powerful artillery used by Germany. This weapon used a 420-millimeter caliber and was used in 1914. At the beginning of the war, German troops had two Big Berthas. A total of around 12 began to be used during the war. The muzzle cannon fires up to 1,785 pounds to a distance of around 9 kilometers.

This weapon attack can penetrate up to 12 meters, both concrete and other obstructions. The name Big Bertha is inspired by Bertha Krupp von Bohlen und Holbach, the owner of the Krupp company that makes weapons.

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Causes of World War I

Throughout the history of humanity, this world has experienced two major wars involving major countries, namely World War I and World War II. Although in some regions, there is no war, the impact can be felt throughout the world.

The outbreak of World War I

World War I took place in Europe in 1914-1918, which involved two major powers, namely the Central Block and the Allied Bloc. The central block consists of Germany, Austria, and Hungary. While the Allied Bloc was made up of France, Britain, and Russia, which in 1972 gained new power from the United States.

World War I began with a small dispute between European countries. After that, it gradually became a big war after Pengeran Frans Ferdinand was killed by nationalists from Serbia in Sarajevo on 28 June 1914. World War I broke out on 1 August 1914.

In addition to disputes between countries in Europe as a factor in the occurrence of World War I, there are allegations that competition in the economic and trade sectors is also the cause of World War I so that the expression “the cause of the war is made in Germany.” That is, goods made in Germany are the cause of trade competition which results in war.

In January 1917, Germany announced a never-ending submarine war. This announcement continued the German policy in 1915 concerning the attack on all ships. In this case, five US ships sank in April 1917. Soon after that, the US declared war on the Central Powers. At this time, the US was led by President Woodrow Wilson, who was famous for the idea of ​​Wilson’s Fourteen Points which was the basis of just world peace. The contents of Wilson’s declaration, among others, stop secret negotiations between the state, freedom at sea, the existence of self-government and prosperous and equitable economic life.

In World War I, there is a strategy of trench warfare where in this war strategy is to dig the elongated soil in the form of a trench to protect against enemy attacks. World War I lasted for four years, adversely affecting human life. Counted there were 8.4 million people died from both sides. The number is not yet with the injured and disabled. The war also caused damage to buildings and social confusion in European countries.

World War I ended with the Treaty of Versailles in France on June 28, 1919. The countries that won World War I was called The Big Four, namely Italy, France, Britain, and the United States. The four countries acted as determinants of the Versailles treaty while the Germans defeated in World War I was required to pay war losses.

World War I inspired Woodrow Wilson to form a world peace organization called the League of Nations. He was worried that the PDI-winning countries would try to dominate other countries which should have determined their destiny. But the League of Nations failed, and the US refused to become a member.

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