World War I was known as the beginning of a major war because of the use of several deadly weapons. At that time the two warring sides showed their best weapons. Weapons used ranging from heavy weapons, machine guns, to chemical weapons used in this war. The goal is just for the sake of victory. The death toll, which is also a lot of civilians, seems to be ignored. The following are deadly weapons in World War I:
1. U-Boat 93
The U-Boat 93 was one of the deadliest weapons used during World War I. The German Imperial Navy-owned this submarine. Its name comes from Unterseeboot, which means underwater ship. Kaiserliche Marine built type 93. The U-type 93 submarine carries 16 torpedoes and has a weapons arrangement.
In 1917 several submarines were refitted with a 10.5 cm pistol with a force of 220 rounds. These ships have a capacity of accommodating 39 crew members and are equipped with excellent sailing capabilities with a cruising range of around 17,000 km. This submarine sank about 3 percent of Allied arms shipments via sea lane. They also succeeded in damaging and capturing Allied ships during World War I. Because of its success, this type of submarine was finally used in World War II with some more modern weapons modifications.
Airships or air balloons are types of airplanes that are lighter than other types of aircraft. This airship was used before the start of the war, but it was during the war that its debut as an air weapon began. Zeppelin was one of the first airships used in the war. This aircraft was created by Count von Zeppelin, a retired German army officer.
At the beginning of the war, the Germans used Zeppelin filled with hydrogen, capable of traveling about 136 kilometers per hour and carrying 2 tons of bombs. Resistance against the British began in January 1915. The Germans believed that their aircraft were the ideal weapon against the superiority of the British Navy. The Germans used it at first to damage the mentality of British troops.
When the war took place, this airship was able to damage several cities in England. The British then use the floodlights at night to identify these blimps. Also, flammable hydrogen is a weakness of Zeppelin. World War I was not only focused on the development of firearms but also weapons made from chemicals.
3. Tear Gas
Tear gas is not designed to kill but makes enemies unable to defend their position. Tear gas also opens the way for the use of more lethal chemicals such as chlorine. Besides, tear gas can affect the eyes and lungs, and the effect disappears within 30 minutes afterward.
Phosgene is a chemical in the next era that was used with chlorine. These chemicals can cause a buildup of fluid in the lungs, causing death. It takes around 48 hours for the main symptoms to appear. It is estimated that as many as 85 percents of the 91,000 deaths caused by gas during wartime are the result of phosphagen. This toxic gas causes more psychological trauma than death. Chlorarsin in war causes short-term, but intense respiratory distress.
These chemicals are designed to paralyze temporarily, so they are used to frighten enemy troops. Although the effect does not cause death, the use of this weapon is very effective. In addition, there is also mustard gas which has a big impact on the skin and lungs. Mustard gas cannot be easily detected unless under direct attack.
During the war, Germany used the first mustard gas in 1917. After finding several attacks using gas, the Allies named it Hot Stuff (HS). When Germany used gas, it turned out that gas masks proved inefficient. This gas can penetrate through the filter mask.
5. Mark V Tank
Mark V Tank is the last and largest tank in World War I owned by Britain. This is a modified version of Mark IV. Around 1,070 tanks were built in March 1919. Mark V has external features embedded in Mark IV, including hulls, rollers, and tracks to avoid interference. However, the new drivetrain and transmission were stronger and were ready during early 1917. This system included a petrol-electric scheme, a hydraulic system, a double-clutch system (one driver needed), and the epicyclic Wilson gearbox design (4 forward gears, one reverse).
This tank uses a new Ricardo 6-cylinder engine and is more powerful. For speed, the Mark V can walk 70 km with a fuel capacity of 450 liters, which is enough for about 10 hours on rough terrain. Mark V made his combat debut at the Battle of Hamel on 4 July 1918 where he succeeded in supporting Australian troops in action.
6. Maxim Rifle
The firearms revolution occurred in the 19th century. At that time, the manufacture of firearms was supported by adequate equipment. In 1884, a lawyer named Hiram Maxim combined all the stuff at that time so that he could make a weapon called the Maxim rifle. This weapon has an air conditioner that can fire more than 500 revolutions per minute at an effective distance of more than 2,000 yards (1,830 meters). This weapon was used in World War I.
During the Battle of the Somme on 1 July 1916 in just one day, the British lost 21,000 people largely due to the use of this rifle. The MG 08 variant was used throughout the war and even during the last years of the Second World War.
Fokker Triplane is one of the famous planes of the First World War. The construction of this aircraft was the German response to the emergence of the famous British Soplan Triplane. This aircraft was flown by a German mainstay pilot, by Ace Manfred Albrecht Freiherr von Richthofen. The legendary pilot is also known as the Red Baron. At least more than 70 allied pilots were successfully overthrown.
This aircraft has three wings attached to the fuselage with a propeller in front of it. Powered by a 110 hp engine, the Fokker Triplane is armed with two 0.31-inch LMG 08/15 weapons.
8. Big Bertha
Big Bertha during its construction was the largest and most powerful artillery used by Germany. This weapon used a 420-millimeter caliber and was used in 1914. At the beginning of the war, German troops had two Big Berthas. A total of around 12 began to be used during the war. The muzzle cannon fires up to 1,785 pounds to a distance of around 9 kilometers.
This weapon attack can penetrate up to 12 meters, both concrete and other obstructions. The name Big Bertha is inspired by Bertha Krupp von Bohlen und Holbach, the owner of the Krupp company that makes weapons.