World War II

5 Reasons Why Hitler Lost in World War II

World War 2

On January 30, 1933, Germany began to rise from the slump caused by the first world war with the appointment of Adolf Hitler as German Chancellor, to the end of the Versailles agreement. On September 1, 1939, Germany began its military expansion into Poland, until finally, it expanded to various countries in Europe. Almost all countries in Europe fell into German hands.

Until its peak when in 1942, the German military began to experience a setback of strength, until it ended in defeat.

1. The Defeat of Germany at Stalingrad

Previously Germany had been defeated in the war over Moscow, but that was not a turning point between Germany and the Soviet Union because Germany still had great power to attack another city in the Soviet Union, Stalingrad.

The war in Stalingrad was a turning point in the transition of power between Germany and the Soviet Union, from the beginning the German forces were more dominant then ended with the more dominant Soviet forces, and became the forerunner of the tragic defeat on the German side.

At first, the Germans succeeded in attacking Stalingrad with its flash war strategy known as the Blitzkrieg, as he had done in the Moscow war and the war against France.

So that the Soviet Union forces were repelled, to the heart of the city of Stalingrad.

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Again, Blitzkrieg has weaknesses, and in addition to its weaknesses having to attack continuously without stopping, another weakness is that the troops in the rear line are not as strong as the front lines.

This would be an opportunity for the Soviet Union. By utilizing the winter, Stalin mobilized reinforcements to attack the Germans guarding the rear lines, then surrounded the German troops who had been on the front lines.

The siege also severed the logistics of German troops so that eventually German troops that had been sent to attack the front lines died because of a lack of logistical needs, such as medicine, ammunition, and food.

Although Hitler had ordered the German air force to send logistical supplies, the planes that were carrying logistical supplies had been shot down by Soviet Union anti-aircraft cannons, as were the aid troops sent by Hitler to help free the besieged troops in Stalingrad, the troops were unable to and finally left his beleaguered friends in Stalingrad.

Another factor for the defeat of Germany was the lack of knowledge about the battlefield and the lack of provisions to welcome the winter.

After the end of this war, Germany began to experience a gradual decline in strength.

2. Wasteful in The Process of Defense Equipment Production

At that time, German technology was believed to be more powerful when compared with the technology of the armed forces of other countries. For example, Tiger Tanks, U-boat submarines, and jet-powered rocket aircraft were examples of German defense equipment that far surpassed the opponent’s military technology.

According to British historian James Holland, the sophistication of German defense equipment requires a higher production cost when compared to the Allied military.

The impact, when World War II lasted a long time, Germany ran out of resources to produce spare parts, maintenance and repair of engines, and the manufacture of additional defense equipment.

3. No Time to Conquer Britain

After defeating France, Hitler thought Britain would be willing to make peace so that Germany could focus more on starting attacking the Soviet Union. But the estimation was wrong. Apparently, Britain did not want to make peace with Germany.

Therefore, on July 16, 1940, Hitler issued a warrant for his expansion to England. However, Germany at that time still did not have proper preparation for expansion into England.

Because the German navy did not have enough ships to expand into England, after suffering losses during the Norwegian campaign, in addition, German forces were more concentrated on “PREPARATION” in attacking the Soviet Union.

But at that time, Germany still had a strong air force that only carried out airstrikes and delayed to carry out ground attacks on Britain. Until finally, the United States joined the allies, and Germany canceled the conquest of England because it was forced to fight the United States.

4. Entering The United States with The Allies

On December 7, 1941, japan attacked pearl harbor so that the United States participated in World War II and joined the allies.

Then on December 11, 1941, Germany officially declared war on the United States, this was due to its agreement with Japan-based on the Tripartite alliance to help Japan fight the United States. On that day, Hitler made an announcement at the Reichstag, Berlin. He said Germany actually wanted to avoid war with the US, but based on the Tripartite Agreement, Germany was obliged to help Italy to support Japan.

Also, Germany hopes that if Germany helps Japan fight against the United States, Japan will also help Germany against the Soviet Union. But the assistance did not come, because Japan itself was too overwhelmed by the United States troops. so finally Germany must face the United States and the Soviet Union simultaneously

5. Lack of Troops

After World War II lasted a long time, Germany increasingly lacked troops to balance the number of Allied troops, plus more after the United States joined the Allied bloc to participate in defeating Germany, this made Germany even worse.

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Therefore, at the end of World War II, because Germany lacked troops, Hitler was forced to force children to join the war against the allies, so that German troops not only lost in terms of numbers alone but in terms of the quality of German troops also lost when compared with the quality Allied forces.

5 Unsolved Mysteries about World War II

In the course of human history, World War II is arguably not too far back in the past, and various events related to it still continue to amaze us until now.

There are still a number of things that need to be examined in the next few years.

One reason is the existence of a number of mysteries that remain unanswered. There are many questions about the big conflict, but the answers were given instead lead to new questions.

Even if the mysteries are never solved, hopefully, people continue to learn them. World War II is indeed too terrible, but at the same time, too important to ignore.

1. The loss of Blutfahne

Before Adolf Hitler was elected to lead Germany, he tried to overthrow the German government through violence. As a result, in an attempt to violence, as many as 16 of his troops were killed, and Hitler himself was thrown into prison.

After being released, he was given a flag named Die Blutfahne, which means “Flag of Blood.” The flag was reportedly spattered by the blood of his fellow comrades who were killed.

The flag seemed to have a mystical nature and was said to purify every other flag that touched. The flag was also used in several major ceremonies but has not been seen since October 1944.

2. Death of Subhas Chandra Bose

During World War II, Subhas Chandra Bose was the leader of the Indian National Army. According to the Allies, he was a traitor because he had links to the Japanese and Germans.

Officially, Bose was thought to have died in a plane crash in 1945, but some claimed that the ashes found were from a Japanese military officer named Ichiro Okura.

The news was alleged to mislead people who were tracking Bose’s whereabouts. But, the real event that happened to Bose is unknown until now. Some believed that he went to Las Vegas and became a gambler as a new alias. Some people even claimed that he owned a casino there and has influenced the poker game community in USA.

3. British troops at Auschwitz

In 2009, historians were carrying out routine maintenance at the death concentration camp when they later discovered the list of names of British soldiers.

There are check marks on the eight names and writings in German which read “ever since,” “never,” and “now.”

There are many theories about the list of names, for example, that they are prisoners of war. Other opinions say that they are Allied traitors.

4. Ness Gun Battery artists

Ness Gun Battery is a strategic location in Orkney located in the British Isles. There, the soldiers found a large mural on one of the barracks hall walls.

The mural depicts a quiet village in England and has the signature “A.R. Woods.” But, until now, no one knows who that person really is.

5. Hitler’s Globe

One of Charlie Chaplin’s classic comedy works entitled “The Great Dictator” shows a tyrant with a globe that steals the attention.

It turns out, Hitler has a similar object known as the “Columbus Globe.”

Only a few large globes have been made, but what Hitler has lost for years.

Treasures from World War II, One of Them Used as Currency Until Now

War does not only involve military confrontation. It also involves many things, including conspiracy and the seizure of property. World War II, which incidentally is the darkest conflict in human history, is also inseparable from this kind of thing. It was even said that if during the war, the assets that were contested were fantastic.

Some say if the treasure is still there today. But its existence itself is a mystery. Many say if anyone finds these lost treasures, he will become the richest man in the world. Well, here are the last traces of these assets.

1. Amber room

Amber’s room is said to be in a palace in Russia. It is said if this room is full of luxury objects, ranging from expensive rocks, gold furniture, even to the wallpaper made of paper made from pure gold. The Nazis who had taken control of this palace immediately seized whatever was here and left the beautiful Amber room into an ordinary place.

Well, gold and luxury items in the Amber room itself are said to be transported and stored in Konigsberg Castle in Prussia. Until finally, the Russian army bombarded this place, and the wealth taken from Amber’s room was lost without a trace. But some eyewitnesses also say if the treasures of Amber’s room were transported using a large ship that sailed without its purpose known. This makes many people believe that this treasure still exists today.

2. Alpine fortress

The fort, which is known to belong to the Nazis, is said to have kept many treasures, including gold and gems. The location itself is thought to exist in Bavaria and buried for decades. It is said that the assets in the Alpine Fortress were used to finance critical Nazi military operations.

Uniquely, the clue to the existence of this treasure can be known from an orchestra notation called March Impromtu made by composer Goofried Federline. There are unique notes that are located separately from each other and are said to be clues about this location. If this is true, the Nazis must be recognized as having known how to save wealth. Unfortunately, no one has been able to interpret these notes and managed to find a location.

3. Nazi Gold Carriage

Once very proud, in the end, the Nazis were the ones who suffered defeat in World War II. However, this does not mean that the large organization surrendered all their possessions to the winning parties. There is one object that is probably their biggest inheritance and is now being sought by many people. Yes, this thing is a train car.

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Not an ordinary carriage, but complete with a load containing gold which is estimated at 300 tons. If converted in cash the amount is around $ 10 billion today. Know if this thing will be sought after someone someday the Nazis also keep this train car very neatly. The latest news says if the possibility of the treasure is stored somewhere in Poland. The eye only once sees this train itself. That was in 1945 ago.

4. General Yamashita’s Gold

Japan is also the party that suffered defeat in this war. For this reason, they gave up whatever was theirs to the allies. But who would have thought that Japan had taken preventive actions, one of which was to store their gold in hidden places that spread throughout Southeast Asia? It is said that these gold were previously used by General Yamashita to finance Japanese wars for years.

America was once suspected of finding and transporting the gold. Even to the Japanese Emperor, Hirohito asked Uncle Sam’s country to return their gold. The estimated value of this gold reached $ 22 billion. The hiding place itself is thought to exist in the Philippines and other parts of Indonesia. Gold still became one of the universal currency to do everything, one of them is gambling or betting transaction. Although now you can do betting such as sports matches online like in many digital apps and the gold can still be received in the online betting transactions.

5. Awa Maru

Ama Maru is a Japanese-owned cargo ship designed by the International Red Cross. The goal itself is not to fight, but to transport the wounded. Awa Maru itself does transport drugs and medical devices. However, it is also suspected that if the ship is carrying treasure. Besides gold and platinum, there was also a chest full of gems. Not only that, but it is also believed that Awa Maru was transporting Peking Man fossils, where the frame is the missing link of human evolution sought by many scientists today. You could say that one is priceless.

Originally Awa Maru was going to Singapore. Unfortunately, when he wanted to move closer, this ship was torpedoed by an American submarine. Awa Maru sank with all the treasures in it. This treasure also became a struggle for many countries, even China to budget $ 100 million, but they did not find a single gem. It is said that the sinking place is around the waters of Singapore.

It is said that this row of treasures also has its myths. One of them is a hiding place that contains many deadly traps. There is even news that if anyone touches these assets, they will be cursed. Apart from these things, being able to find World War II relics is undoubtedly going to be the richest person in the world.

The Story of Brave and Loyal Dogs Detained by Japan during World War II

So far, we only know prisoners, especially prisoners of war in the form of humans. There is no story at all dogs, cats, or other pets who have been arrested for committing a crime. Judy is an extraordinary dog. Japanese troops during World War II must have regarded him as a threat and kept him in prison.

Yes, Judy is the only animal registered as a prisoner of war in history. He was arrested for being too loyal to accompany and always defend, Frank William, a British air force soldier who was also a prisoner of war. This dog, considered a hero by the British, was an enemy of the Japanese army.

Become The Mascot of the British Combat Ship

Judy was born in Shanghai, China. There he was trained and crowned the mascot of one of the British Navy’s Navy ships, H.M.S Gnat and H.M.S Grasshopper. It is common for every ship to have one mascot dog.

He was in charge of maintaining the safety of the ship. Judy once saved the ship she was guarding against robbers by giving a signal to the crew of the suspicious gestures and sounds in the dark.

Ship Crew Rescuers

In 1942, Judy sailed aboard the H.M.S Grasshopper which contained weapons to Singapore. Apparently, at that time, Japan had taken control of this small country. They also turned and headed for the Dutch East Indies or Indonesia. The ship was only three kilometers from the port when Japanese aircraft dropped bombs and destroyed ships. The passengers were forced to leave the ship and try to save themselves.

Judy helped them by showing boards that could be held. He also offered his tail to be held by those who could not swim while he sailed the ocean to the nearest land, namely the island of Sumatra.

On the island that they did not know, they were once again tried. The water supply has run out, and there is no river or lake with clean water to drink. One day Judy disappeared all day. One of the ship’s crews, Walter Williams, decided to look for it. Judy found a water source and dug up the surrounding soil to make a small pond. Once again, thanks to Judy, the British army was saved.

Arrested by Japanese Troops

Together, they walked hundreds of kilometers to the nearest town, Padang, hoping to board a ship to return to England. Japan had occupied the city, and there were no British ships left to save them.

Seeing the presence of enemies, Japanese forces practically arrested them and Judy to a holding cell in Medan, North Sumatra. It was there that Judy met a pilot who later became his master, Frank Williams. They become close because Frank shares a plate of rice with the dog.

Always on The Captive Party

The Japanese occupation was no less cruel than the Nazis. They tortured prisoners and did not give food. Judy did not let this happen. If he sees Frank or another prisoner being tortured, he immediately barks and jumps in front of the victim. Consequently, Judy was tortured by Japanese prison wardens.

Two years later, prisoners of war in Medan were transferred to Singapore by SS SS Warwick. Japanese troops who do not like Judy plan to leave it just like that. But not Frank and friends. They want to always be with Judy. Finally, they smuggled Judy in a sack of rice.

Challenge after challenge Judy has passed in her life. Again the ship he was traveling in was attacked. This time by the British army. Surely they did not expect that in the boat there were hundreds of prisoners from their country. At least 500 people have died. Frank and Judy survived the incident. As before, Judy pushed the boards to those who could not swim. He became a hero.

Nearly Executed Dead

Those who survived were transported by other Japanese ships. News about Judy had circulated because they were not happy to see it. Frank had heard that his dog would be shot dead as soon as they landed. In the end, he asked that Japan hold Judy as a prisoner of war.

Surely Frank’s request, a prisoner, would not be heard just like that. Luckily a commander in Medan prison who liked Judy intervened and succeeded in making Judy an official prisoner of war so that the execution was not carried out.

Received an Award from the British Government

Not only humans can get an award after the war, but a large meritorious dog-like Judy was also honored. After the Japanese surrender, the soldiers who were prisoners were released, including Judy. They returned to their homeland happily. There, Judy was welcomed with the Dickin Medal award which was given explicitly to animals that contributed for World War II.

After the war, Judy stayed with Frank Williams and followed her wherever Frank worked. At the time Frank worked in Tanzania, unexpectedly grew a tumor in Judy’s body. He also died on February 17, 1960. Frank made a beautiful grave with a gravestone on it, like a human grave.

From Judy’s story, we can see the courage and loyalty of a dog to humans. Unfortunately, human beings are still difficult to do the same thing. Every time we do something, there are just rewards that we want. Even when we see others grieving, we dare not do anything but sympathize. In contrast to Judy, who was willing to get a whip to bite wounds to save the human he loved.