Throughout the history of humanity, this world has experienced two major wars involving major countries, namely World War I and World War II. Although in some regions, there is no war, the impact can be felt throughout the world.
The outbreak of World War I
World War I took place in Europe in 1914-1918, which involved two major powers, namely the Central Block and the Allied Bloc. The central block consists of Germany, Austria, and Hungary. While the Allied Bloc was made up of France, Britain, and Russia, which in 1972 gained new power from the United States.
World War I began with a small dispute between European countries. After that, it gradually became a big war after Pengeran Frans Ferdinand was killed by nationalists from Serbia in Sarajevo on 28 June 1914. World War I broke out on 1 August 1914.
In addition to disputes between countries in Europe as a factor in the occurrence of World War I, there are allegations that competition in the economic and trade sectors is also the cause of World War I so that the expression “the cause of the war is made in Germany.” That is, goods made in Germany are the cause of trade competition which results in war.
In January 1917, Germany announced a never-ending submarine war. This announcement continued the German policy in 1915 concerning the attack on all ships. In this case, five US ships sank in April 1917. Soon after that, the US declared war on the Central Powers. At this time, the US was led by President Woodrow Wilson, who was famous for the idea of Wilson’s Fourteen Points which was the basis of just world peace. The contents of Wilson’s declaration, among others, stop secret negotiations between the state, freedom at sea, the existence of self-government and prosperous and equitable economic life.
In World War I, there is a strategy of trench warfare where in this war strategy is to dig the elongated soil in the form of a trench to protect against enemy attacks. World War I lasted for four years, adversely affecting human life. Counted there were 8.4 million people died from both sides. The number is not yet with the injured and disabled. The war also caused damage to buildings and social confusion in European countries.
World War I ended with the Treaty of Versailles in France on June 28, 1919. The countries that won World War I was called The Big Four, namely Italy, France, Britain, and the United States. The four countries acted as determinants of the Versailles treaty while the Germans defeated in World War I was required to pay war losses.
World War I inspired Woodrow Wilson to form a world peace organization called the League of Nations. He was worried that the PDI-winning countries would try to dominate other countries which should have determined their destiny. But the League of Nations failed, and the US refused to become a member.